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Tricolore Violin e-1 Steel

4 reviews Write a Review
4.00 (in)
4.00 (in)
0.10 (in)
Calculated at Checkout


This is a single-length (24", 60cm) steel violin e-1 string. It has a gauge of 0.25mm and is available with a loop-end only. The steel in this string is an old style type of low-carbon with a tin coating. This type of steel was widely used in the early 20th century for musical instruments and was sometimes referred to as “mandolin wire” because it has a softer, rounder tone than higher-carbon steel. The end of the string is wound with thread and wire so that it holds securely on the peg.

The Tricolore brand, used by many famous violin soloists, was one of the most well known violin strings made in the 20th century. Now, after many decades of being unavailable, we are pleased to offer these strings again. This string was developed by Ray Neiner at the Perfection Musical String Co. Brunswick, IN, just south of Chicago. The machines we use at Gamut Music to make the strings were purchased from the Perfection company, and in addition to the machines, we also received the formulations that Perfection used to make their strings, including the Tricolore brand. We have in our archives a copy of the Perfection workshop book that specifies the gauge of gut used for the cores, the size of the wires, length of the strings, and colors of the thread used for the stockings at the top and bottom of the strings. In addition to this practical information, we also received instruction for the special curing treatment that the gut cores went through before being wound and the specific techniques used in winding the wire onto the gut core. These strings are accurate replications of the ones that filled American concert halls with sound in the 20th century.

Notably, the Tricolore strings used by violinist virtuosos and many players interested in reproducing this historical tone consisted of:

  • e-1 - Goldbrokat - 0.26mm (Medium) gauge
  • a-2 - Treble Gut - 0.78mm (Medium) gauge
  • D-3 - Lyon Gut - 1.06mm (Medium) gauge
  • G-4 - Gut/Sterling Silver - 0.80mm (Medium) gauge

One addition we have made to the original string design is the inclusion of a leather washer at the knot of each string. Modern tailpieces are made with wider string slots than those of the early 20th century and the gut knot is no longer big enough to hold the string in place. The leather keeps the string from pulling through the tailpiece.

Tricolore strings are manufactured in the USA by Gamut Music, Inc., a leader in the revival of early music strings and instruments. Gut strings are not intended to be used with fine tuners or string adjusters and those devices should be removed before installing the gut string on the instrument.

More information about Gamut gut strings, string types, gauges, and string tensions can be found on our articles page. Not finding an answer to your question? Please contact us directly:

Extra Information

4.00 (in)
4.00 (in)
0.10 (in)

4 Reviews

  • Posted by Michel E Samson on Dec 17th 2021


    Always a favorite

    Gamut Strings are a longtime favorite of mine. They are the best I have found anywhere and I have traveled a lot over the years. Dan Larson is a gifted maker and deserves our utmost support. The ordering/shipping process is easy and my strings always arrive in a timely fashion.

  • Posted by Erik on May 1st 2020


    Tricolore E String

    My absolute favorite E string! Clear tone and balanced well with the other strings.

  • Posted by Micheil Jones on Apr 2nd 2019


    Nice e-string!

    Nice clean sound! Blends well with the heavy gauge set (wound gut g, wound gut d and plain gut a).

  • Posted by Unknown on Dec 9th 2015


    Great E string.

    I do really like this E string though. It is sweeter and louder than I expected. The one main concern I have is that it seems not to settle as quickly as I am used to with steel strings. Also where as it is a great E string I do not feel it blends perfectly with the plain gut A. This could be due to the natural brightness of my violin or the fact that steel will never blend perfectly with gut. Either way I think it is the best fit for this set and I do not plan on changing it any time soon. I would recommend this string above the Goldbrokat.